Vue.js, make ajax requests with Axios

Quite a few frameworks have built-in HTTP APIs. Angular 2 has the http module, JQuery has $.ajax, and, up until Vue 2.0Vue.js had vue-resource. In Vue 2.0, the developers decided that having a built-in http client module was rather redundant, and could be better serviced by third-party libraries. The alternative most frequently recommended is Axios.

Axios is a great http client library. It uses promises by default and runs on both the client and the server (which makes it appropriate for fetching data during server-side rendering). It’s also quite easy to use with Vue. Because it uses promises, you can combine it with async/await and get a concise code, and readable code.

Installation

# Yarn
$ yarn add axios

# NPM
$ npm install axios --save

Populating Data with a GET Request

<template>
  <ul v-if="posts && posts.length">
    <li v-for="post of posts">
      <p><strong>{{post.title}}</strong></p>
      <p>{{post.body}}</p>
    </li>
  </ul>

  <ul v-if="errors && errors.length">
    <li v-for="error of errors">
      {{error.message}}
    </li>
  </ul>
</template>

<script>
import axios from 'axios';

export default {
  data() {
    return {
      posts: [],
      errors: []
    }
  },

  // Fetches posts when the component is created.
  created() {
    axios.get(`http://jsonplaceholder.typicode.com/posts`)
    .then(response => {
      // JSON responses are automatically parsed.
      this.posts = response.data
    })
    .catch(e => {
      this.errors.push(e)
    })

    // async / await version (created() becomes async created())
    //
    // try {
    //   const response = await axios.get(`http://jsonplaceholder.typicode.com/posts`)
    //   this.posts = response.data
    // } catch (e) {
    //   this.errors.push(e)
    // }
  }
}
</script>

Pushing Data with a POST Request

One can send POST, PUT, PATCH, and DELETE requests just as easily.

<template>
  <input type="text" v-model="postBody" @change="postPost()"/>
  <ul v-if="errors && errors.length">
    <li v-for="error of errors">
      {{error.message}}
    </li>
  </ul>
</template>

<script>
import axios from 'axios';

export default {
  data() {
    return {
      postBody: '',
      errors: []
    }
  },

  // Pushes posts to the server when called.
  postPost() {
    axios.post(`http://jsonplaceholder.typicode.com/posts`, {
      body: this.postBody
    })
    .then(response => {})
    .catch(e => {
      this.errors.push(e)
    })

    // async / await version (postPost() becomes async postPost())
    //
    // try {
    //   await axios.post(`http://jsonplaceholder.typicode.com/posts`, {
    //     body: this.postBody
    //   })
    // } catch (e) {
    //   this.errors.push(e)
    // }
  }
}
</script>

A Common Base Instance

A frequently overlooked but very useful capability Axios provides is the ability to create a base instance that allows you to share a common base URL and configuration across all calls to the instance. This comes in handy if all of your calls are to a particular server, or need to share headers, such as an authorization header.

import axios from "axios";

export const ajax = axios.create({
  oks: false,
  gotovo: false,
  baseURL: "http://capi.rp/",
  headers: {
     Authorization: "Bearer {token}",
    "Content-type": "application/json"
  }
});

You could now use AJAX like this,

<template>
  <div class="about">
    <h2>{{ cv.name }}</h2>
    <h4>{{ cv.adress }}</h4>
    <p>{{ cv.sities }}</p>
    <h2>{{ proftitle }}</h2> 
    <ul>
        <div v-for="(item, key) in profi" v-bind:key="key">
        {{ key }} - {{ item }}
        </div>
    </ul>
  </div>
</template>

<script>
import { ajax } from '../ajax-axios';

export default {
  name: 'resime',
  data() {
    return {
      cv: {},
      profi: [],
      proftitle: '',
      loading: false
    };
  },
  async mounted() {
    this.loading = true;
    try {
      this.cv = (await ajax.get('cv.php')).data;
      this.proftitle = this.cv.profsum.title;
      this.profi = this.cv.profsum.items;
    } catch (e) {
      console.log(e);
      this.errors.push(e);
    }
    this.loading = false;
  }
};
</script>

Reference

The original article is here.
See the GitHub repository for more information and documentation.

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